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(Sample college essay) Anti-Human Trafficking
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime perceives human trafficking to be a crime against humanity and gives an elaborate description of what it entails. It states that human trafficking is the;
recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.
The occurrence of human trafficking in this era is a clear indicator that slavery still exists and continues to be an international challenge. According to Slavery Today, approximately 0.6-0.8 million people fall prey to human trafficking internationally each year and that the number of individuals trafficked to the United States alone is 17,500. Furthermore, Slavery Today reveals an appalling fact that children receive a 50% representation among the population that is trafficked. On the other hand, in every four human trafficking victims, three are women.
Even though the purposes for human trafficking vary, they all work towards exploitation. UNODC cites sexual exploitation as the most widespread form of human trafficking which is recorded as having a 79% representation with victims being forced into prostitution, pornography and even sexual tourism. The vast majority of victims of sexual exploitation are women and girls. The second most common form of human trafficking is forced labour with a record of 18% whereby individuals encounter involuntary domestic servitude, debt bondage or bonded labour. However, UNODC notes that this second form of human trafficking could be misrepresented because of the difficulty in detecting it and the limited number of it being reported as compared to sexual exploitation.
Los Angeles County is in records as being one of the biggest human trafficking ports in United States. The law enforcers’ work to detect and prevent human trafficking is made difficult by the fact that the city’s population is diverse thus enhancing the traffickers’ ability to conceal and transport the victims from one point to another. According to Lin, more and more male victims are falling prey to human trafficking for sexual exploitation and that nearly 10,000 women are held in secretive brothels.
There are numerous negative impacts associated with human trafficking. First and foremost, the victims suffer from great psychological trauma. As a result of the exposure to such harsh realities, the victims suffer from depression, low self-esteem, emotional disturbance, disorientation among other psychological related conditions. The victims also suffer from health related complications and conditions as a result of human trafficking. They may contract sexually transmitted diseases and infections in addition to acquiring drug and substance abuse related problems.
In order to counter the negative implications of human trafficking, there are several things that can be done. Firstly, education and sensitization on human trafficking issues is imperative. People should use the resources available to them to learn about human trafficking as well as educate those around them on the issue. Education of others can be done via word of mouth, the internet through blogs; emails, social networking sites and so forth. This will go a long way in helping bring the problem to the forefront of the society which can then take necessary steps towards its elimination. There should be special focus cast on teenagers and children to equip them with adequate knowledge and skills of how to avoid traffickers as they are the ones easily targeted. Individuals can also become active participants in the fight against human trafficking by joining organizations, subscribing to websites or blogs involved in the fight and contributing in terms of funds or mobilization.
“Human Traficking.” Unodc.org., 2012. Web. 17 May. 2012.
“Invisible: Slavery Today.” Freedomcentre.org., n.d. Web. 17 May. 2012.
Lin, Judy.“Human Traficking Escalates as World Economy Plunges.” Ucla.edu., Web. 17 May. 2012.
“UNODC report on human trafficking exposes modern form of slavery.” Unodc.org., Web. 17 May. 2012.