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Business Ethics


Business Ethics

  1. The Siemens AG scandal that occurred in 2008 due to unethical behavior between the company and the Greece government, the unethical behavior exhibited involved bribery and corruption between the two parties in their dealings. The company is said to have offered bribes estimated to have been around 100 million Euros to the government for purposes of securing state contracts as a short term benefit and ensure more commercial presence in the Greece market and keep competition at a minimal, this would translate into lager profits as long term benefits to the company.
  2. The method of virtues for ethical reasoning involves placing consideration on a person’s personal values and their character to determine the best ethical way to perform a particular task.

The Utilitarian method of ethical reasoning which compares the cost to benefit ratio of a decision might be the best method since it will ensure maximum benefits attained with the least cost realized and thus making the process cost effective. This might not be the best method since it only considers the gains of the decision and may compromise the rights or the ethical values of the people or company.

  1. The Microsoft Corporation has been placed among some of the most ethical companies. The company misses the virtue of market sharing since it strives to monopolize the software industry to only serve their systems. Microsoft despite of its deficiency still has good ethical reputation since its managers uphold the company values which serve as models for the other employees to emulate.
  • Managers’ values
  • Spirituality
  • Moral development
  • Analysis of ethical dilemmas
  • Code of conduct.

The manager’s values, will go out to serve as models for the other employees to emulate thus if the management is respectful and caring of other people’s ideas then the employees would emulate this and improve the company’s working environment.

Spirituality in the work place, will improve the interaction between religions and reduce religious tensions among the employees and even the employer.

Moral development, to ensure the employees develop towards principle centered reasoning where decisions would be made with principle and not emotional consideration.

Analyzing ethical dilemmas, this can be done by establishing a set of decisions to guide the employees thinking toward dilemma resolution in the work place.

Code of conduct, this would ensure everyone in the work place recognizes individual rights and act in the expected form when interacting in the work place.

  1. Employers have a responsibility to ensure that their employees maintain the company’s positive outlook even when away from the workplace. Employees have to keep an ethical image when interacting outside the workplace particularly if the people they are interacting with know which company they work for. Employers have to remind employees that they are the company’s ambassadors and should strive to maintain the company’s positive image.
  2. Governments have a responsibility to ensure that they protect their citizens but to a certain level they should allow the citizens to practice their rights as human beings. The government entities should ensure that the citizens can practice their rights without infringing the rights of others. The entities can use as much control as is deemed fit this means the control should not infringe on rights.
  3. Discrimination can only be termed legal if it has no negative impact on the individual. For example, in age discrimination it is not illegal to favor an older worker over a younger one.
  4. Employers should improve on their advertising of the job openings by posting the advertisements to areas they can target a diverse workforce and also encourage them to apply by mentioning the company’s policy as an equal opportunity employer.


Megone Chris (2002). Case Histories in Business Ethics. London: Routledge.

Slater Dan (2008). The Wall Street Journal. Siemens Bribery Scandal Getting Rooted Out From the Inside, Retrived from http://blogs.wsj.com/law/2008/03/05/siemens-bribery-scandal-getting-rooted-out-from-the-inside/

Weber James (1991). Business Ethics Quaterly. Adapting Kohlberg to Enhance the Assessment of Managers’ Moral Reasoning, 1(3), 6+.

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